Strength Training Exercises: The 5 Best Muscle-Building Workouts For Men Over 40

Written by: Dr. Anthony Balduzzi,

Men's Health Doctor & Founder
The Fit Father Project & Fit Mother Project

Written by: Dr. Anthony Balduzzi,

Men's Health Doctor & Founder
The Fit Father Project & Fit Mother Project

full body strength training
Strength training exercises are one of the most effective ways to stay fit and healthy in your 40s and beyond.

Maintaining physical fitness becomes increasingly important for overall health and well-being as men age. One of the most significant challenges men face as they age is the gradual loss of muscle mass, a phenomenon known as sarcopenia.

This muscle loss can lead to weakness, decreased mobility, and increased risk of injury. Strength training helps counteract this by stimulating muscle growth and preservation.

Regular resistance training exercises can help men over 40 maintain their muscle mass and strength, allowing them to stay active and independent for longer. Strength training offers numerous benefits, from improving muscle mass and bone density to enhancing metabolism and reducing the risk of chronic diseases.

Men who want to start strength training after 40 often feel they can’t achieve the same strength and muscle mass they once had at a younger age.

The truth is … you CAN still get stronger later in life.

Age is no longer an excuse for not being in the best shape of your life. By incorporating essential strength training exercises into their fitness routines, men can stay strong, active, and age gracefully.

It's never too late to start, and the rewards are well worth the effort!

In this article, you'll learn:

    • The ideal strength training routine for men over 40.
    • The 5 best muscle-building exercises for men over 40.
    • The science behind strength training after 40.
    • Strength training exercises you can start today.
    • And more!

But before we dive in, check out his video and learn why strength training for older guys requires a different approach.

You Can Build Muscle At Any Age!

One research study found that middle-aged men between the ages of 35-50 have the same muscle-building potential as those in their 20s.

This same study found that middle-aged men also lost more fat mass and decreased their total body fat percentage more than college-aged men while performing the same exercises!

The key to strength training after 40 is adapting the exercises to your abilities, minimizing joint stress, and understanding the science behind muscle growth.

The first big factor is knowing how often to train each week.

A wide-scale review of the scientific evidence out there has found that to optimize muscle growth, muscles should be trained at least twice per week and possibly three times weekly.

The Ideal Strength Training Routine For Men Over 40

What does this mean for you? If you are a busy man over 40, you probably don’t have the time to work out seven days a week.

But if you can fit three solid total body workouts into your schedule, you can still achieve the same strength training benefits as going to the gym every day.

As a matter of fact, you could be doing more harm than good by working out too frequently. If you break down your workouts into specific body areas — like a leg day or a back and biceps day — you may only have time to hit these muscle groups once each week.

That is where doing full-body strength training days really gets you the most bang for your buck.

The 5 Best Muscle-Building Exercises for Men Over 40

The Fit Father Project specifically uses this evidence-backed science to bring you programs to gain strength and get into the best shape of your life.

The 5 Best Muscle Building Exercises For Men Over 40 video is a great place to start to get an excellent introduction to strength training after 40.


Old School Muscle is also designed for men over 40 to build muscle, even at a later age in life. With this program, you will get a comprehensive training plan along with nutritional guidance.

Plus, you’ll have the full support of the Fit Father community!

The Science Behind Strength Training After 40

A routine to build muscle needs to include the right types of exercises and needs to be done consistently.

Reading fitness articles can be confusing, all with differing opinions on the number of repetitions or sets to build muscle mass. That’s where actual scientific research comes in to truly determine the ultimate strength-building plan for men over 40.

how much muscle can you gain in a month

As I already mentioned, you should be targeting each muscle group at least two times, if not three times, weekly. The next step is figuring out the best types of exercises and the volume of training to get you the best results.

Research on muscle building has shown that there is a dose-response relationship in muscle growth. That is, the more repetitions and sets you do, the quicker the response in muscle gains. However, this is only up to a certain point.

There is a critical point where performing more repetitions of an exercise will not produce any significant gains in muscle growth. At that point, overtraining becomes counterproductive.

Pro Tip: A good starting point is typically 10-12 sets per muscle group per week. So, if you are able to do three total-body strength workouts a week, this means about 3-4 sets each day for each muscle group.

High Weights or High Reps?

Repetitions within a set are also important. It has been taught that high reps with low weights are good for toning muscles, while low reps with heavy weights are better for muscle growth and bulk.

However, studies have also shown that as long as the muscles are exercised to the point of fatigue, there can be similar strength gains regardless of the amount of weight used.

For example, one study showed that those doing 10-12 reps with heavier weights had similar muscle gains as those who did 30-40 reps with lighter weights.

The takeaway is that as long as you push your muscles to fatigue, you can get by with either variation of high reps-light weights or low reps-heavy weights.

best exercise for men 40+

What Are The 5 Best Muscle Building Exercises For Men 40+?

best exercise for men 40+
The secret to building age-defying muscle in your in 40s, 50s, & 60s is to modify the best muscle building exercises (bench, squats, rows) to make them safe on your joints…

Train Smart … But Challenge Yourself

For men over 40, lower weight and higher reps may be more beneficial to avoid injury and joint aches while still having the benefit of strength gains.

However, this doesn’t mean you have to do 50 reps with 2-pound dumbbells. It means starting out with a weight you feel comfortable with and pushing your muscles until they are fatigued.

Now, as far as how heavy you should be lifting, you should start with a weight that allows you to complete the full number of reps.

If you finish 10 reps with minimal fatigue, you will need to increase the weight. On the other hand, if you are struggling to get to 8 reps, it’s time to swallow your pride and drop down to a lower weight.

And always be sure to include a quality warm-up and cool-down with every exercise!

Over time, you will find that it will become easier to finish your sets. At that point, it is time to challenge yourself with a higher weight. This is known as progressive overload.

You may start by doing 15-pound bicep curls during your first few weeks, moving from 8 to 10 reps. Once those 10 reps become easier, it is time to move up to 20 pounds and try to achieve 6-8 reps. You would then stay at that weight until 10 reps are easier to achieve. From this, you progressively and slowly increase your weight based on your progress.

Resting between sets is also critical to achieving optimal strength gains for men over 40.

Studies have been a bit conflicting regarding the ideal rest period. It appears that longer rest, about 2-3 minutes, is better for muscle growth compared to rest periods less than 60 seconds.

In order to avoid injury and give your best effort in each set, I advocate for about a two-minute rest period between sets. This will allow you to perform your next set at an optimal level and with the best form.

Strength Training Exercises For Men Over 40

Let’s take a look at a sample full-body workout.

In every workout you do, whether it be strength training, cardio, or high-intensity intervals, you should always begin with a warm-up. This will get your heart rate up and blood flowing to your muscles. Plus, you will loosen up your tendons and ligaments to prepare your body for a workout and be less vulnerable to injury.

Warm Up

Any kind of light cardio is great here. Walking on a treadmill, jumping rope, or even jogging in place is a good place to start. If you have a rowing machine available, this is a great way to warm up your upper and lower body at the same time.

After a quick 5-10 minute warm-up, perform a few dynamic stretches that involve your upper and lower body, as this will be a full-body strength training workout. Stretching before and after a workout is crucial to avoid injury and prepare your body for the workout ahead.

While static stretching still has its place in helping to increase flexibility and range of motion, dynamic stretching seems to produce better results prior to a workout. Studies have shown that dynamic stretching is better for muscle coordination and neural drive during a workout, while static stretching could actually decrease muscle power.

Dynamic Stretches

Arm Circles

  • Stand tall with your arms outstretched to your sides and parallel to the floor.
  • Make small circles with your arms going forward for 10 reps, then backward for 10 reps.
  • Then, make larger circles forward for 10 reps and backward for 10 reps.

Arm Cross-Overs

  • Stand with your arms outstretched to the sides and parallel to the floor.
  • Move your arms across the center of your chest and let them crisscross each other.
  • Steadily move them back out and repeat, but cross them with the opposite arm on top this time.
  • Continue this for 10-20 reps.

Leg Kicks With Arm Reach

  • Kick your left leg out straight in front of you while reaching for your toes with the right hand.
  • Then, kick your right leg out and reach your toes with your left hand.
  • Repeat for 10 reps on each side.

Main Workout

Cool Down

Just like every workout starts with a warm-up, it needs to end with a proper cooldown.

Do a light walk around the gym or on a treadmill to get your heart rate back down to normal. This is a good place to add some static stretching to maintain flexibility and joint range of motion following a strength training workout.

As you can see, this sample workout hits every muscle group with 3-4 sets. This means that if you are able to do three full-body workouts a week with a similar format, you will end up with 10-12 sets per muscle group per week.

You can adjust the sets based on your schedule for that week. If you know you will only have time for two workouts in a week, you can add sets with different movements to one day.

Here’s a FREE Meal Plan & Workout For Busy Men 40+

We’ll show you exactly what to eat & how to exercise to reignite your metabolism in your 40’s, 50’s & 60’s.

Fuel Your Workouts and Maximize Muscle Growth

Nutrition cannot be overlooked when strength training after 40. This is especially important, as lean body mass may be slightly on the decline already.

Eating the right foods before and after a strength workout is vital to achieving maximal muscle gains.

Before a workout, you want to fuel your body to get you through the session. This means a mix of carbohydrates and protein about two hours prior to your training. Ensure you are staying well hydrated before, during, and after a workout.

Within 30-45 minutes after a workout, you want to ensure you get high-quality protein and some carbohydrates. This is the time period when you can really stimulate muscle growth.

Some post-exercise options include whole foods like eggs, lean chicken, Greek yogurt, or whole-grain bread with peanut butter.

And it’s not just about the time immediately around a workout that nutrition is important. You want to be sure that you are making smart food choices throughout the week.

Don’t throw away a great workout by making poor food choices later!

Choose fresh, whole foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and try to limit foods high in saturated and trans fats. Nutrition and weight lifting go hand in hand to get the most out of your strength training program.

Meet SuperFuel. The Delicious Protein Shake Packed With 40+ Energy-Boosting Vitamins & Superfoods (Designed For Busy Men)

As a busy guy, it’s challenging to stay consistent with healthy eating. That’s why we created SuperFuel… the delicious “all-in-one” nutrition shake for busy guys 40+ to give your body the protein + key nutrients you need for more energy, fat burning, and muscle building.

Anything Is Possible!

While it may seem that building muscle becomes harder as we age, this does not mean you can’t put together a strength training routine that allows you to achieve your goals.

It all comes down to having a plan, training hard, and being consistent and dedicated to your training.

Before you know it, you will have the muscle and strength gains you never thought possible after 40.

Start with the 5 Best Muscle Building Exercises for Men Over 40, then work your way up to Old School Muscle to achieve the strength and muscle growth that can be achieved after age 40 and beyond!

Dr. Anthony Balduzzi, NMD
Men's Health Doctor & Founder
The Fit Father Project & Fit Mother Project

Founder Fit Father Project, Founder Fit Mother Project

After watching his own Dad lose his health and pass away at the young age of 42, Dr. Balduzzi founded The Fit Father Project and Fit Mother Project to help busy dads and moms get and stay healthy for their families.

Dr. Anthony Balduzzi holds dual degrees in Psychology & Nutrition from the University of Pennsylvania, a Doctorate of Naturopathic Medicine, and is also a former national champion bodybuilder. He’s is most proud of the fact that he’s helped over 40,000 families in over 100 countries lose weight and get healthy for life.

Here’s How Busy Guys 40+ Are Building Age-Defying Muscle And Strength… Working Out Just 3 Hours Per Week...

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See the Old School Muscle (OSM) Program overview here. You’ll discover how this proven program has helped thousands of guys 40+ pack onage-defying muscle and strength – the smart & sustainable way. »

*Please know that weight loss results and health changes/improvements vary from individual to individual; you may not achieve similar results. Always consult with your doctor before making health decisions. This is not medical advice – simply very well-researched info on strength training exercises.

Written by: Dr. Anthony Balduzzi,

Men's Health Doctor & Founder
The Fit Father Project & Fit Mother Project

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